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What is dyslexia?

The primary symptoms or characteristics of dyslexia are:

  • difficulty learning the letter names and sounds
  • difficulty reading single words, such as words on flashcards or in a list
  • lack of reading fluency
  • reading slowly with many mistakes
  • difficulty with learning to spell

In addition, students may have:

  • difficulty understanding what they read
  • difficulty writing sentences or paragraphs

How common is dyslexia?

  • 15-20% of the general population has a language-based learning disability.
  • 70-80% of the students with specific learning disabilities receiving special education services have deficits in reading.
  • Dyslexia is the most common cause of reading, writing, and spelling difficulties.

What causes dyslexia?

  • a difference in the way the brain works

For example: Recognizing individual speech sounds in words

  • learning how letters represent those sounds
  • remembering sounds in the correct order
  • the ability to quickly say letter names, object names, and name common words

Dyslexia is NOT:

  • not a lack of intelligence.
  • not a lack of motivation to learn to read.
  • not seeing letters and words backward.
  • not letters/words jumping around on a page. 

Where can I find more information about dyslexia specific to the state of Texas? 

What do I do if I think my child is dyslexic? 

  • Contact your campus counselor.